Why do I need dental x-rays (radiographs) and are they safe during pregnancy?
Dental x-rays are required to check dental decay, abscess, cysts, bone levels, existing restorations and any other pathology which is not visible during examination only. It also helps to check tooth and root position in relation to other structures.
Dental x-rays involve very low dose of radiation especially since now-a-days we use digital radiographs. If x-rays are needed during pregnancy they can be safely done to diagnose the problem. A lead-apron can be used if needed.
Why do my gums bleed? Do I have gum disease?
Bleeding gums is also known as gingivitis. It is most commonly associated with accumulation of dental plaque and tartar. Thus is caused by poor oral hygiene. If left untreated it can lead to serious gum disease, bone loss and eventually tooth loss.
Hence, we recommend having a professional clean twice a year or more frequently if indicated.
How often should I floss? Why do I find it difficult to floss?
Flossing at least once every day is essential to maintain good oral hygiene. Flossing can be difficult if there is excess accumulation of tartar, uneven restorations or poor technique.
Why do I have bad breath?
Bad breath can be caused due to many dental factors such as poor oral hygiene, decayed teeth, dry mouth and food trap due to unsatisfactory restorations or mal-aligned teeth. Wisdom teeth can be a cause if they are partially erupted leading to gross plaque accumulation.
Bad breath could also due to sinus problems, systemic issues or certain medications.
Which habits lead to tooth wear? How do I stop my teeth from wearing?
Tooth wear is of three types-
- Attrition – Caused by excessive and habitual clenching and grinding of teeth (bruxism). Most people are not aware of this type of wear and the habits causing it. It leads to loss of enamel of chewing surfaces of teeth and lead to shortening of teeth. An occlusal splint helps to stop such tooth wear
- Abrasion – caused by vigorous and faulty toothbrushing. Always use a soft toothbrush and ask your dentist for proper brushing technique. If the abraded teeth are sensitive, you may need a corrective treatment.
- Erosion– caused by excessive acid attack on the enamel. Usual factors that cause acid attack are aerated drinks, citrus fruit juices, acid reflux and even wine. Reducing the intake of acidic foods and appropriate treatment may help relieve the symptoms.
What can be done with discoloured teeth?
Discolouration of the teeth can sometimes be easily removed by simple scale and polish. However it may also require other treatments like teeth whitening (bleaching), veneers or crowns
What can be done with unattractive and unappealing fillings?
Such teeth can be treated by simply replacing the old metal or discoloured white fillings with new white fillings (composite resin) or ceramic inlay. Sometimes, the teeth may require extra reinforcement which can be achieved by onlay or a crown.
What are fissure sealants (dental sealant)?
Fissure sealants are filling materials that are used to block deep pits, fissures and grooves which are more susceptible to food lodgement leading to decay of the tooth. They are mostly recommended in children with newly erupted adult teeth.
What can I do if I am an anxious patient. Can I have the dental treatment under sedation?
Yes. Most of the patient feel anxious to undergo wisdom teeth extraction while they are fully awake. Hence, We do offer dental treatment under sedation. Ask your dentist for further details.
I have missing tooth/teeth. What options do I have to replace it/them?
There are various options including a removable denture, a fixed bridge and a dental implant. Ideal treatment option depends on individual factors.
How can a custom fitting mouthguard prevent sports related dental injury?
Custom fitting mouthguards are made according to individual mouth measurements, so that they fit snugly around the teeth and gums. This reduces the chances of having teeth being knocked out of their sockets , fractures of teeth and such.